Mon, 13 November 2017

Hawaiians want to ban suncare products with toxins deadly to fragile coral reefs, writes Anne of RAspect in Part 1 of our #MindSetFree series, where we invite you in to see a deeper truth.


I SCREAM WE SCREEN: Forgive them for they know not what they do. Annie Spratt /Unsplash

Hawaii led the way with the origin of surfing and the surfboard, but now the home of aloha has extended this kindred care to the ocean. The majority of sunscreens are a chemical stew that may prevent sunburn, but have many other effects too, including the mutilation of coral reefs.

The main culprit is one chemical, oxybenzone, which poisons the algae that sustains coral, and the coral itself. Even tiny amounts are toxic. However, despite scientific proof of the dangers they pose, sunscreen manufacturers use oxybenzone widely.

Many people, including Hawaiian state senator Will Espero and his supporters, are fighting to prohibit the sale of all sunscreens containing oxybenzone (and that’s a lot of sunscreens - see the list below). To protect the coral that shapes their island’s waves, he and his team put together a bill to ban oxybenzone this year.


FOOTPRINTS: Humans are slowly starting to realise their impact. Photo Jakob Owens / Unsplash

However, they have been met with fierce resistance. Big cosmetic companies and their trade associations, whose revenues would be adversely affected by the ban, blocked it. They claim the case is not strong enough to justify a step that would have such a big impact on business. Unfortunately the impact of their business on the coral can't wait for research to proceed. The reefs are dying fast.

The effect of sunscreen chemicals like oxybenzone is one of the most dramatic and direct dangers to coralAs we all know, coral reefs literally shape the waves. They also provide an extraordinary environment that supports our intricate web of life. The reefs contribute to air and soil quality, provide spawning grounds for many fish species, and protect coastlines from the worst effects of tropical storms. Coral is under threat from a number of directions, notably the acidification and warming of the oceans. But the effect of sunscreen chemicals like oxybenzone is one of the most dramatic and direct dangers to coral.

Even in tiny quantities, Oxybenzone poisons the algae that symbiotically support the coral, which is a colony of invertebrate animals. These animals in turn support the algae gardens that photosynthesise food from sunlight, providing 90% of the coral’s food.


GRIM REAPER: This is literally what we are doing when we dive and surf over sensitive coral.

pineapple-supply-coThe horrible irony is that it's more toxic to plants when they are exposed to sunlight. Of course, the sunnier the place, the more people use it. There is a massive die-off of algae where sunscreen-smeared humans splash about. Upwards of 6,000 tons of sunscreen are estimated globally to enter the waters around coral reefs each year.

It's a deadly dose. In a bid to survive, the coral expels the poisoned algae and starves. The grey-white and crumbling, empty ghosts of their former glory remain. (This doesn't happen when organic material floats out to sea, right)

Oxybenzone also harms coral directly, causing deadly DNA mutations and interfering with reproduction. This devastation only needs tiny concentrations of oxybenzone, well within the tonnage that is released into the sea annually. There is evidence that oxybenzone is an endocrine (hormone) disruptor in humans too. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 97% of Americans are contaminated with oxybenzone. It’s one of several chemical sunscreen ingredients that could do you much more harm than good.

There are two bits of good news at the end of this sad story. First, Will Espero and his supporters are not giving up. They intend to continue pushing for the ban in 2018. And once Hawaii announces a ban, others will surely follow. Second, there are effective natural alternatives sunscreens available to you that don’t contain oxybenzone, or other chemicals that endanger marine life or your own health. Support a ban, but also take matters into your own hands, and make sure you protect your own skin without sowing unintended destruction.

Sunscreen brands containing oxybenzone (spot the heavy irony in two names): Alba Botanica, Dior, L’Oreal, Reviva Labs, Aloe Sense, Earth Science, La Prairie, Revlon, Australian Gold, Eco Lips, La Roche-Posay, Rite Aid, Aveeno, Equate, Lubriderm, RoC, Avon, Estee Lauder, Lumene, Sol Scents, Banana Boat, Eucerin, Maui Mike’s, SolBar, Blue Lizard, Fair and Square, Merle Norman, Sun Bum, Carmex, Fruit of the Earth, Neutrogena, Thermalabs, Cetaphil, Garnier, Nivea, TriDerma, Clarins, Gator, NO-AD, Up & Up, Coppertone, Hawaiian Tropic, Ocean Potion, Vichy, Daylogic, Iman, Olay, ViVite, Defense Zone, Jergens, Palmer’s, Walgreens, Dermalogica, Kiehl’s, Panama Jack, Wet n Wild

Anne picAnne (pictured right) is a holistic entrepreneur who created The Apothecary, which comprises household cleaning agents and skincare products, among others, that are 100% natural and hand crafted. RAspect sunscreen is the culmination of seven years work that stems from a unique date, 10/10/10, when she and her surfer husband Carl contributed to a www.350.org project on climate change by showing the advantages of removing harmful synthetic chemicals from our lives.

Anne experimented with herbs and oils, and the infusion of vinegars and "mixing various ingredients" to create household cleaning agents. "It thrilled me how well these simple, natural concoctions did so many jobs and were so versatile and beneficial in a huge range of ways".

RAspect comprises organic Mozambican coconut oil, castor bean oil, natural zinc oxide, Cape beeswax, organic fair-traded cocoa, vanilla oil and cinnamon leaf. RAspect is available at these stores.


Ara Johnson
0 #7 Ms.Ara Johnson 2018-01-08 08:20
The Whale Foundation knew this years ago!! We must stop it now!!
Michelle E
0 #6 Options?Michelle E 2017-12-27 18:19
Curious to know the options available that do not contain oxybenzone?
0 #5 How about naming the products that dont have oxybenzeneDarla 2017-11-22 01:35
In their sunscreen? Perhaps the public choice can make a difference
0 #4 SunscreenLaurie 2017-11-18 09:58
Could you give us some names of products with out oxybenzone in them. Ones that we can find in any general store. Than you
Steve Hooper
0 #3 What are the creams not using this chemicalSteve Hooper 2017-11-17 01:29
Truly sad story but great effort by the Hawaii bunch to right the wrong. I never knew any of this so thank you for bringing to light this issue. However you say there are other options but have not named any.

Listing all the creams that contain this chemical is good but surely it is also as important to readers that you list the creams that do not have this chemical. I am not trying take away the importance of the info you have given us but thought it important to ask what brands CAN we turn to for doing our individual part. Thanks for the info!!!!!
Sylvia Litchfield
0 #2 Oxybenzone-Free MauiSylvia Litchfield 2017-11-15 12:04
There is progress on Maui! The sunscreen bill was approved by the committee to go to a vote in the Maui County Council.

Maui county was the first to ban plastic bags and styrofoam containers to protect ocean life - and now the sunscreen bill is advancing here, thanks to all the efforts of dedicated biologists and concerned citizens.

Public support is making the difference - let’s show up strong for Maui!

Tell the Maui County Council that you support oxybenzone legislation. Send your letter to the Environmental Management Committee: iem.committee@mauicounty.us

Thank you!

For more information about the effects of oxybenzone on marine life and risks to human health:

Video of the science panel discussion:

Links to scientific studies on Facebook:
0 #1 CZolchester 2017-11-15 08:58
Joomla SEF URLs by Artio


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